Ekspedisi Sulawesi Barat: Flora, Fauna, dan Mikroorganisme Gandangdewata

Authors

Anang Setiawan Achmadi, Amir Hamidy, Ibnu Maryanto, Pungki Lupiyaningdyah, Vera Budi Lestari Sihotang, Sih Kahono, Abdulrokhman Kartonegoro, Marlina Ardiyani, Enung Sri Mulyaningsih, dan Atit Kanti

Keywords:

Ekspedisi, Sulawesi, Barat, Flora, Fauna, Mikroorganisme, Gandangdewata

Synopsis

Penulis :  Anang Setiawan Achmadi, Amir Hamidy, Ibnu Maryanto, Pungki Lupiyaningdyah, Vera Budi Lestari Sihotang, Sih Kahono, Abdulrokhman Kartonegoro, Marlina Ardiyani, Enung Sri Mulyaningsih, dan Atit Kanti  Editor :  Anang Setiawan Achmadi, Amir Hamidy, Ibnu Maryanto, Pungki Lupiyaningdyah, Vera Budi Lestari Sihotang, Sih Kahono, Abdulrokhman Kartonegoro, Marlina Ardiyani, Enung Sri Mulyaningsih, dan Atit Kanti      

Gandangdewata berasal dari dua kata, yaitu gandang yang artinya gendang dan dewata yang artinya dewa. Puncak Tanete Gandangdewata, dari jauh, terlihat seperti batu besar yang berbentuk bulat menyerupai gendang raksasa. Gunung Gandangdewata merupakan salah satu gunung tertinggi yang terletak di Kabupaten Mamasa, di bagian barat Sulawesi dan merupakan gunung tertinggi kedua setelah Gunung Latimojong. Gunung Gandangdewata dengan ketinggian 3.037 mdpl merupakan daerah tangkapan air terluas di Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. Hal inilah yang perlu dikaji lebih dalam terkait potensi sumber daya hayati, baik flora, fauna, maupun mikroorganisme di Gunung Gandangdewata yang belum terungkap optimal.

Buku Ekspedisi Sulawesi Barat: Flora, Fauna, dan Mikroorganisme Gandangdewata ini memberikan informasi awal tentang potensi sumber daya hayati berupa flora, fauna, dan mikroorganisme serta potensi keanekaragaman hayati di Gunung Gandangdewata dan sekitarnya yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber pangan, bahan obat, dan energi yang terbarukan. Hasil ekspedisi ini diharapkan dapat menjadi dasar acuan untuk pengelolaan dan pengembangan wilayah Sulawesi Barat, khususnya lingkungan di sekitar Gunung Gandangdewata.

Buku ini berusaha menampilkan keindahan dan keunikan keanekaragaman hayati di Gunung Gandangdewata, Sulawesi Barat. Semoga buku Ekspedisi Sulawesi Barat ini dapat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat dalam memperkaya pengetahuan terkait sumber daya hayati dan keanekaragaman hayati di Gunung Gandangdewata, Provinsi Sulawesi Barat.

Selamat membaca!

 

Copyeditor :  M. Sidik Nugraha Layouter : Trisno Utomo, Siti Qomariyah, dan Rahma Hilma Taslima Cover designer  : Trisno Utomo dan Meita Safitri Registrasi : ISBN 978-979-799-957-5 Halaman : x + 167 hlm. Dimensi : A4 (21 x 29,7 cm)

©2018 Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmed, M. S. U., Khalequzzaman, M., Bashar, M. K., & Shamsuddin, A. K. M. (2016). Agro-morphological, physico-chem- ical and molecular characterization of rice germplasm with similar names of Bangladesh. Rice Science, 23(4), 211–218.
Akhalkatsi, M., Otte, A., Togonidze, N., Bragvadze, T., Asanidze, Z., Arabuli, G., Chikhelidze, N., & Mazanishvili, L. (2017). Agrobiodiversity and genetic erosion of crop varieties and plant resources in the Central Great Caucasus. Annals of Agrarian Science, 15, 11–16.
Anonymous. (2004). USAID strategic plan for Indonesia 2004–2008: Strengthening a moderate, stable & productive Indonesia. Washington D.C.: United States Agency for International Development [unrestricted version].
Ardi, W. H., & Ardiyani, M. (2016). Two new species of Alpinia (zingiberaceae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Reinwardtia, 14(2), 311. Doi:10.14203/reinwardtia.v14i2.1677
Bakhuizen van den Brink Jr.,R.C. (1943). Revision of the genus Medinella (melastomataceae). Meded. Bot.
Banker, B. C., Kludze, H. K., Alford, D. P., DeLaune, R. D., & Lindau, C. W. (1995). Methane sources and sinks in paddy
rice soils: relationship to emissions. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 53(3), 243–251.
Barber, A. J., Crow, M. J., & Milsom, J. S. (2005). Introduction and previous research. Geological Society, London, Memoirs,
31(1), 1–6.
Bellinger, E. G., & Sigee, D. C. (2015). Freshwater algae: identi cation and use as bioindicators. Chichester, UK: John Wiley
& Sons.
Boyce, P. C., & Hay, A. (2001). A taxonomic revision of Araceae tribe Potheae (Pothos, Pothoidium and Pedicellarum)
for Malesia, Australia and the tropical Western Paci c. Telopea, 9(3), 449–571.
Bula?nkova?, E. (1997). Dragon ies (Odonata) as bioindicators. Biologia, Bratislava, 52(2), 177–180.
Butlin, R. K., Walton, C., Monk, K. A., Bridle, J. R., Hall, R., & Holloway, J. D. (1998). Biogeography of Sulawesi grasshop- pers, genus Chitaura, using DNA sequence data. Biogeography and geological evolution of Southeast Asia. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands, 355–359.
Campbell, P., Putnam, A. S., Bonney, C., Bilgin, R., Morales, J. C., Kunz, T. H., & Ruedas, L. A. (2007). Contrasting patterns of genetic di erentiation between endemic and widespread species of fruit bats (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 44(1), 474–482.
Chu, W. L. (2012). Biotechnological applications of microalgae. IeJSME, 6(1), S24–S37.
Collar, N. J. (2004). Species limits in some Indonesian thrushes. Forktail, 20, 71–87.
Crow, M. J., & Barber, A. J. (2005). Map: simpli ed geological map of Sumatra. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 31(1), NP–NP.
Crow, M. J. & Milsom, J. S. (eds.). (2005). Sumatra: Geology, resources & tectonic evolution. Geological Society Memoirs No.31. Geological Society, London:1–9.
Cunningham, A. B. (2001). Applied ethnobotany: people, wild plant use and conservation. London : Earthscan Publications. DeLong, E. F. (1998). Everything in moderation: Archaea as ‘non-extremophiles’. Current Opinion in Genetics &
Development 1998, 8, 649–654.
DeLong, E. F & Pace, N. R. (2001). Environmental diversity of bacteria and Archaea. Syst. Biol., 50(4), 470–478, 2001.
Dewi, K. 2010. The taxonomic status of Pterygodermatites spp. and the scanning electron microscopy study of Pterygodermatites whartoni (Tubangui, 1931) (Nematoda: Rictulariidae) from Indonesian murids. Zoo Indonesia. 19(1): 13–19.
Dewi, K., Hasegawa, H. & Asakawa, M. (2016). A review of the genus Sypacia (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) from murine rodents in Southeast Asia to Australia with special references to Indonesia. Treubia 43, 70–104.
Evans, B. J., Supriatna, J., Andayani, N., Setiadi, M. I., Cannatella, D. C., & Melnick, D. J. (2003). Monkeys and toads de ne areas of endemism on Sulawesi. Evolution, 57(6), 1436–1443.
Evans, B. J., Brown, R. M., McGuire, J. A., Supriatna, J., Andayani, N., Diesmos, A., ... & Cannatella, D. C. (2003). Phylogenetics of fanged frogs: testing biogeographical hypotheses at the interface of the Asian and Australian faunal zones. Systematic Biology, 52(6), 794–819.

Eviati & Sulaeman. (2009). Petunjuk Teknis Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air dan Pupuk. Bogor: Balai Penelitian Tanah.
Felske, A., & Akkermans, A. D. L. (1998). Prominent occurrence of ribosomes from an uncultured bacterium of the Verrucomicrobiales cluster in grassland soils. Letters in applied microbiology, 26(3), 219–223.
Fooden, J. (1969). Taxonomy and evolution of the monkeys of Celebes. Basel: S. Karger.
Grosman, Amir, Messelink, Gerben, & de Groot, E. (2011). Combined use of a mulch layer and the soil-dwelling pred- atory mite Macrocheles robustulus (berlese) enhance the biological control of sciarids in potted plants. LOBC/ WPRS bulletin, 68, 51–54.
Guiry, M. D. (2012). How many species of algae are there?. Journal of phycology, 48(5), 1057–1063.
Gupta, A. (2005). The physical geography of Southeast Asia (Vol. 4). Oxford: Oxford University Press on Demand.
Hall, R. 2002. Cenozoic geological and plate tectonic evolution of Southeast Asia and the 29 SW Paci c: computer-based reconstructions and animations. Journal of Asian 30 Earth Sciences, 20, 353–434.
Hallier, H. (1912). Die botanischen Ergebnisse der elbert’schen Sunda-expedition des Frankfurter vereins fu?r geogra- phie und statistik, I. Mededeelingen van’s Rijks Herbarium, Leiden, 14(1), 1–42.
Hallier, H. (1914). Die botanischen ergebnisse der elbert’schen Sunda-expedition des Frankfurter vereins fu?r geogra- phie und statistik, II. Mededeelingen van’s Rijks Herbarium, Leiden, 22, 1–20.
Hallier, H. (1918). Die botanischen ergebnisse der elbert’schen Sunda-expedition des Frankfurter vereins fu?r geogra- phie und statistik, III. Mededeelingen van’s Rijks Herbarium, Leiden, 37, 1–92.
Hanarida, I. S., Hasanah, M., Adisoemarto, S., Thohari, M., Nurhadi, A. & Orbani, I. N. (2005). Seri mengenal plasma nutfah tanaman pangan. Bogor: Komisi Nasional Plasma Nutfah.
Hanson, R. S., & Hanson, T. E. (1996). Methanotrophic bacteria. Microbiological Reviews, 60(2), 439–471.
Hartini, S., & Takaku, G. (2010). Mites of the genus Holostaspella (Acari: Gamasida: Macrochelidae) in Indonesia.
Entomological Science, 13(1), 107–115.
Heads, M. (2003). Ericaceae in Malesia: Vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea, 10(1),
311–449.
Hoang, S. V., Baas, P. & Kebler, J. A. (2008). Use and conservation of plant species in National Park: A case study of
BenIn, Vietnam. Economic Botany 62(4), 574–593.
Hoefman, S., van der Ha, D., Boon, N., Vandamme, P., De Vos, P., & Heylen, K. (2014). Customized media based on miniaturized screening improve growth rate and cell yield of methane-oxidizing bacteria of the genus Methylomonas. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, 105(2), 353–366.
Hulas, N., & Lascaux, E. (2011). Study of the action of the predatory mite macrocheles robustulus berle?se (acari: mac- rochelidae) on the cabbage root y, delia radicum linne? (diptera: anthomyiidae) and the bean seed y, delia platura meigen (diptera: anthomyiidae) in radish crop under plastic tunnels and in open- eld. In les cochenilles: ravageur principal ou secondaire. 9e?me confe?rence internationale sur les ravageurs en agriculture, supagro, mont- pellier, france, 25–27 Octobre 2011. Association franc?aise de protection des plantes (afpp).
Iskandar, D. T., Evans, B. J., & McGuire, J. A. (2014). A novel reproductive mode in frogs: a new species of fanged frog with internal fertilization and birth of tadpoles. PloS one, 9(12), e115884.
Ja?kl, S. (2008). New cetoniinae beetles from Enggano & Simeuleu Islands west of Sumatra (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae). Studies & reports of District Museum Prague-East. Taxonomic Series 4(1–2): 103–110.
Jouquet, P., Traore?, S., Choosai, C., Hartmann, C., & Bignell, D. (2011). In uence of termites on ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem services provided by termites. European Journal of Soil Biology, 47(4), 215–222.
Kanokratana, P., Chanapan, S., Pootanakit, K., & Eurwilaichitr, L. (2004). Diversity and abundance of bacteria and Archaea in the Bor Khlueng hot spring in Thailand. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 44(6), 430–444.
Kartawinata, K (Penerj.). (2010). Flora Pegunungan Jawa. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI.
Kartonegoro, A., & Veldkamp, J. F. (2013). Revision of Creochiton (Melastomataceae). Blumea-Biodiversity, Evolution
and Biogeography of Plants, 58(3), 217–227.
Kartonegoro, A. (2014). Ericaceae of latimojong range, South Sulawesi. Jurnal Floribunda, 4(8): 191–194.
Kaul, P., Banerjee, A., Mayilraj, S., & Banerjee, U. C. (2004). Screening for enantioselective nitrilases: kinetic resolution of racemic mandelonitrile to (R)-(?)-mandelic acid by new bacterial isolates. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 15(2), 207–211.
Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M., & Kasai, F. (Eds.). (2005). Algal culture collections and the environment. Jepang: Tokai University Press.

Kessler, P. J., Bos, M. M., Daza, S. S., Kop, A., Willemse, L. P. M., Pitopang, R., & Gradstein, S. R. (2002). Checklist of woody
plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Blumea. Supplement, 14(1), 1–160.
Kim, M. K., Kim, Y. J., Cho, D. H., Yi, T. H., Soung, N. K., & Yang, D. C. (2007). Solimonas soli gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology, 57(11), 2591–2594.
Krantz, G. W. (1978). A Manual of Acarology. Second edition. Corvallis: Oregon State University Book Stores Inc. Kurtzman, C. P., Fell, J. W., Boekhout, T., & Robert, V. (2011). Methods for isolation, phenotypic characterization and
maintenance of yeasts. The yeasts, a taxonomic study, 5th edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 87–110.
Kusrini, M. D., Rowley, J. J., Khairunnisa, L. R., Shea, G. M., & Altig, R. (2015). The reproductive biology and larvae of
the rst tadpole-bearing frog, Limnonectes larvaepartus. PloS one, 10(1), e116154.
Jalgaonwala, R. E., & Mahajan, R. T. (2011). A review: Bacterial endophytes and their bioprospecting. J Pharm. Res., 4,
795–799.
Jiang, Z. & Ma, K. (2015). Environmental ltering drives herb community composition and functional trait change
across an elevational gradient. Plant Ecology and Evolution 148(3), 301–310.
Joshi, R. D. & Kulkarni, N. S. (2014). Isolation of L-asparaginase producing endophytic bacteria from plants recom-
mended for cancer therapy. Int. J. Sci. Res. 3(11), 506–509.
Lam, H. J. (1945). Contributions to our knowledge of the Flora of Celebes (Coll. Monod de Froideville) and some other
Malaysian Islands. Blumea, 5, 554–599.
Lee, Y. K. (2004). Algal nutrition-heterotrophic carbon nutrition. Handbook of Microalgal Culture: Biotechnology and
Applied Phycology, 116–124.
Lindstrom, A. J., Hill, K. D., & Stanberg, L. C. (2009). The genus Cycas (Cycadaceae) in Indonesia. Telopea, 12(3),
385–418.
Linkem, C. W., Brown, R. M., Siler, C. D., Evans, B. J., Austin, C. C., Iskandar, D. T., ... & McGuire, J. A. (2013). Stochastic faunal exchanges drive diversi cation in widespread Wallacean and Paci c island lizards (Squamata: Scincidae: Lamprolepis smaragdina). Journal of Biogeography, 40(3), 507–520.
Lin, R. C., Bourdy, G., Lacille-Dubois, M.A. (1995). Flavonoids from Alphitonia neocaledonia. Planta Medica, 61, 197.
Losos, J. B., & Ricklefs, R. E. (Eds.). (2009). The theory of island biogeography revisited. Princeton University Press.
MacKinnon, J., & Phillipps, K. (1993). A eld guide to the birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Bali: The Greater Sunda Islands. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
MacKinnon, J. R., Phililipps, K., Balen, S., Andrew, P., Rozendaal, F. G., Sumadipura, S., & Rahardjaningtrah, W. (1999). Burung-burung di Sumatera, Jawa, Bali, dan Kalimantan: Termasuk Sabah, Sarawak, dan Brunei Darussalam [GEF Biodiversity Collections Project]. Bogor: Puslitbang Biologi-LIPI.
MacKinnon, J. R. (1988). Field guide to the birds of Java and Bali. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Makarikov, A. A., Galbreath, K. E., & Hoberg, E. P. (2013). Parasite diversity at the Holarctic nexus: species of Arostrilepis (Eucestoda: Hymenolepididae) in voles and lemmings (Cricetidae: Arvicolinae) from greater Beringia. Zootaxa, 3608(6), 401–439.
Mano, H., & Morisaki, H. (2008). Endophytic bacteria in the rice plant. Microbes and Environments, 23(2), 109–117. McDonald, I. R., Bodrossy, L., Chen, Y., & Murrell, J. C. (2008). Molecular ecology techniques for the study of aerobic
methanotrophs. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(5), 1305–1315.
McGuire, J. A., Brown, R. M., Riyanto, A., & Andayani, N. (2007). The ying lizards of the Draco lineatus group (Squamata: Iguania: Agamidae): a taxonomic revision with descriptions of two new species. Herpetological monographs, 21(1), 179–212.
McGuire, J. A., & Dudley, R. (2011). The biology of gliding in ying lizards (genus Draco) and their fossil and extant analogs. Integrative and comparative biology, 51(6), 983–990.
Merker, S., Driller, C., Perwitasari-Farajallah, D., Pamungkas, J., & Zischler, H. (2009). Elucidating geological and biological processes underlying the diversification of Sulawesi tarsiers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(21), 8459–8464.
Monk, K. A., Fretes, Y. D. & Reksodihardjo-Lilley, G. (1997). The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Michigan: Periplus Editions.
Monod de Froideville, Charles. [Foto]. (t.t.). Diakses pada tanggal 14 Agustus 2016 dari http://www.nationaalherbar- ium.nl/FMCollectors/M/MonoddeFroidevilleC.htm#photo_gallery.

Muhammad, D., Lalun, N., Bobichon, H., Debar, E. L. M., Ganglo , S. C., Nour, M., & Voutquenne-Nazabadioko, L. (2016). Triterpenoids from the leaves of Alphitonia xerocarpus Baill and their biological activity. Phytochemistry, 129, 45–57.
Murrell, J. C., Gilbert, B., & McDonald, I. R. (2000). Molecular biology and regulation of methane monooxygen- ase. Archives of microbiology, 173(5), 325–332.
Newman, M., Lhuillier, A., & Poulsen, A. D. (2004). Checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Malesia. Leiden: Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Universiteit Leiden Branch.
Ogiso, T., Ueno, C., Dianou, D., Van Huy, T., Katayama, A., Kimura, M., & Asakawa, S. (2012). Methylomonas koyamae sp. nov., a type I methane-oxidizing bacterium from oodwater of a rice paddy eld. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 62(8), 1832–1837.
Okamoto, M., Bessho, Y., Kamiya, M., Kurosawa, T., & Horii, T. (1995). Phylogenetic relationships withinTaenia taeniae- formis variants and other taeniid cestodes inferred from the nucleotide sequence of the cytochromec oxidase subunit I gene. Parasitology Research, 81(6), 451–458.
Oktaviani, M. & Yanto, D. H. Y. (2016, October). Biodecolorization of textile dye by isolated tropical fungi. Paper presented at International Conference of Indonesia Forestry Researchers III-2015 (3rd INAFOR 2015), Bogor, Indonesia.
Pace, N. R. (1996). New perspective on the natural microbial world: molecular microbial ecology. ASM News, 62(9), 463–470.
Patel, R. N., Hou, C. T., Laskin, A. I., & Felix, A. (1982). Microbial oxidation of hydrocarbons: properties of a soluble methane monooxygenase from a facultative methane-utilizing organism, Methylobacterium sp. strain CRL- 26. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 44(5), 1130–1137.
Peraturan Desa Tondok Bakaru Nomor 02/KPTS/DTB/I/TAHUN 2016 tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Desa (RPJM-DESA) Tahun 2016–2021.
Philipson, W. R. (1977). Revision of the genus Arthrophyllum (Araliaceae). Gard. Bull. Sing.30, 305.
Pimentel, M. R., Molina, G., Dioni?sio, A. P., Maro?stica Junior, M. R., & Pastore, G. M. (2010). The use of endophytes to obtain bioactive compounds and their application in biotransformation process. Biotechnology Research International, 2011.
Polhemus, D. A., & Polhemus, J. T. (1998). Assembling New Guinea: 40 million years of island arc accretion as indicated by the distributions of aquatic Heteroptera (Insecta). Biogeography and geological evolution of SE Asia, 327–340.
Poulsen, A. D. (2012). Etlingera of Sulawesi. Kota Kinabalu: Natural History Publ.
Prof. L. van Vuuren around 1900. [Foto]. (1943). Diakses pada 14 Agustus 2016 dari https://hetutrechtsarchief.nl/
beeldmateriaal/detail/344dd7c8-ec37-5fdc-b39d-c71bafb2f598.
Pusat Studi Pembangunan Pertanian dan Pedesaan (PSP3-IPB) dan BAPPEDA Kabupaten Mamasa Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. (2015). Studi Pemetaan Komoditas Unggulan di Kabupaten Mamasa. Bahan presentasi [Tidak dipublikasikan].
Rabbani, M. A, Pervaiz, Z. H & Masood, M. S. (2008). Genetic diversity analysis of traditional and improved cultivars of Pakistan rice (Oryza sativa L.) using RAPD marks. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 11(3), 1–8.
Rajeev, V., & Sanjeev, A. (2012). Impact of termite activity and its e ect on soil composition. TaJONAS: Tanzania Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 2(2), 399–404.
Regen, R. (2011). Pro l Kawasan Konservasi Enggano. Bengkulu: BKSDA Bengkulu.
Reuss, S., Closhen-Gabrisch, S., & Closhen, C. (2016). The brainstem e erent acoustic chiasm in pigmented and albino
rats. Hearing Research, 332, 1–6.
Reuss-Schmidt, K., Dash, J., Edwards, M. E., & Zona, D. (2015, December). Assessing the Contribution of Arctic Lakes
to the Methane Budget via Upscaling and GOSAT Satellite Derived Flux Data. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts.
Rocchi, L., Paolotti, L., Cortina, C., & Boggia, A. (2016). Conservation of Landrace: The key role of the value for agrobi- odiversity conservation. An application on ancient tomatoes varieties. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 8, 307–316.
Rozak, A. H., & Gunawan, H. (2015). Altitudinal gradient a ects on trees and stand attributes in Mount Ciremai National Park, West Java, Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea, 4(2), 93–99.
Rukminasari, N. (2015). Distribution and concentration several types of heavy metal correlated with diversity and abundance of microalgae at Tallo Estuary, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. International Journal of Marine Science, 5.

Rustini, S., Sudaryono, T., Triastono, J., & Cempaka, I. G. 2015. Inventarisasi, eksplorasi dan upaya koleksi sumber daya
genetik tanaman pangan Jawa Tengah. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, 32–40. Ryan, R. P., Germaine, K., Franks, A., Ryan, D. J., & Dowling, D. N. (2008). Bacterial endophytes: recent developments
and applications. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 278(1), 1–9.
Sastrapradja, S. D. & Widjaja, E> A. 2010. Keanekaragaman hayati pertanian menjamin kedaulatan pangan. Jakarta:
LIPI Press.
Savitri, Asthana N., & Azrni, W. 2003. Microbial L-Asparaginase: A potent antitumour enzyme. Indian J. Biotech., 2, 184–194.
Scha?fer, G., Engelhard, M., & Mu?ller, V. (1999). Bioenergetics of the Archaea. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, Sept. 1999, 570–620.
Schmeisser, C., Steele, H., & Streit, W. R. (2007). Metagenomics, biotechnology with non-culturable microbes. Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 75(5), 955–962.
Sebastian, A., Sein, M. M., Thu, M. M., & Corbet, P. S. (1990). Suppression of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) using augmentative release of dragon y larvae (Odonata: Libellulidae) with community participation in Yangon, Myanmar. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 80(2), 223–232.
Setiadi, M. I., McGuire, J. A., Brown, R. M., Zubairi, M., Iskandar, D. T., Andayani, N., ... & Evans, B. J. (2011). Adaptive radiation and ecological opportunity in Sulawesi and Philippine fanged frog (Limnonectes) communities. The American Naturalist, 178(2), 221–240.
Setyanto, P., Rosenani, A. B., Makarim, A. K., & Bidin, A. (2013). Soil controlling factors of methane gas production from ooded rice elds in Pati District, Central Java. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science, 3(1).
Sheil, D., Puri, R.K., Basuki I., Heist, M. van, Wan, M., Liswanti, N., ... & B., Wijaya, A. (2002). Exploring biological diversity, environment and local people’s perspective in forest landscapes: Methods for a multidisciplinary landscape assess- ment. Jakarta: CIFOR.
Shekelle, M., Meier, R., Wahyu, I., & Ting, N. (2010). Molecular phylogenetics and chronometrics of Tarsiidae based on 12S mtDNA haplotypes: evidence for Miocene origins of crown tarsiers and numerous species within the Sulawesian clade. International Journal of Primatology, 31(6), 1083–1106.
Shin, T. Y., Choi, J. B., Bae, S. M., Koo, H. N., & Woo, S. D. (2010). Study on selective media for isolation of entomopath- ogenic fungi. International Journal of Industrial Entomology, 20(1), 7–12.
Sirappa, M.P., Syamsuddin, Heryanto, R., Riyadi, A., & Muhtar. 2015. Sumberdaya genetik tanaman spesi k Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. Mamuju: Loka Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulawesi Barat.
Smith, J. J. (1917). Orchidaceae novae Malayenses VIII. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg, Se?rie 2, 25, 1–103. Smith, J. J. (1920). Plantae novae vel criticae ex Herbario et Horto Bogoriensi I. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg,
Se?rie 3, 1: 390–420.
Smith, J. J. (1945). Orchidaceae novae Malayenses XVIII. Blumea 5: 692–699.
Smith, A. J., Mienert, J., Bu?nz, S., & Greinert, J. (2014). Thermogenic methane injection via bubble transport into the upper Arctic Ocean from the hydrate?charged Vestnesa Ridge, Svalbard. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(5), 1945–1959.
Kartawinata, J. A. (2010). Flora pegunungan Jawa. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI.
Stojcevic D., Mihaljevic Z., & Marinculic A. (2004). Parasitological survey of rats in rural regions of Croatia. Vet. Med. -
Czech. 3, 70–4.
Strobel, G. & Daisy, B. (2003). Bioprospecting for microbial endophytes and their natural products. Microbiol. Mol. Biol.
Rev., 67, 491–502.
Subadiyasa, N., Arya, N., & Kimura, M. (1997). Methane emissions from paddy elds in Bali Island, Indonesia. Soil
Science and Plant Nutrition, 43(2), 387–394.
Sulistiyani, T. R., Lisdiyanti, P., Lestari, Y. (2014). Population and diversity of endophytic bacteria associated with me-
dicinal plant Curcuma zedoaria. Microbiol. Ind., 8, 65–72. doi: 10.5454/mi.8.2.4.
Tan, C. C. (2013). Spiridens reindwardtii Nees. Dalam de Winter, W.P. and Amoroso, V.B. (Ed.). Plant Resource of South-
East Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Fern and fern allies. Prosea Foundation. Bogor, Indonesia. 199–200.
Tebbit, M. C. (2005). Three new species and a new subspecies of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Asia. Edinburgh J. Bot.,
61(2–3): 97–107.
Torsvik, V., & Øvrea?s, L. (2002). Microbial diversity and function in soil: from genes to ecosystems. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 5(3), 240–245.

Valentine, D. L. (2007). Adaptations to energy stress dictate the ecology and evolution of the Archaea. Nature Reviews
for Microbiology, 5, 316–323.
Van Balgooy, M. M. J. (1987). A plant geographical analysis of Sulawesi. Biogeographical Evolution of the Malay
Archipelago, 4, 94–102.
Van den Hoek, C., Mann, D.G., & Jahns, H.M., (1995). Algae. An introduction to phycology. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (1950). Flora Malesiana. Vol. 1. Ser. 1: Spermatophyta. Jakarta: Noordho -Kol .
Vane-Wright, R.I. (1990). The Philippines-key to the biogeography of Wallacea? Dalam W. J. Knight, J. D. Holloway, (ed.). Insects and the rain forests of South East Asia (Wallacea). London: The Royal Entomological Society of London, 19–34.
van Steenis-Krusemann, M. (1950). Cyclopaedia of Malesian collectors. In Flora Malesiana. Vol.1.Ser.1: Spermatophyta. Jakarta: Noordho -Kol .
Vogel, T. M., Criddle, C. S., & McCarty, P. L. (1987). ES&T critical reviews: Transformations of halogenated aliphatic compounds. Environmental Science & Technology, 21(8), 722–736.
Voris, H. K. (2000). Maps of Pleistocene sea levels in Southeast Asia: shorelines, river systems and time durations. Journal of Biogeography, 27(5), 1153–1167.
Walton, C., Butlin, R. K., & Monk, K. A. (1997). A phylogeny for grasshoppers of the genus Chitaura (Orthoptera: Acrididae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia, based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 62(3), 365–382.
Wells, D. R. (2007). The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula. Vol. 2. The Passerine Birds of Southern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.
Whittaker, R. J., & Ferna?ndez-Palacios, J. M. (2007). Island biogeography: Ecology, evolution, and conservation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Whitten, A. J, Mustafa, M. & Herderson, G. S. (1987). Ekologi Sulawesi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press. Woese, C. R., Kandler, O. & Wheelis, M. L. (1990). Towards a natural system of organisms: Proposal for the domains
Archaea, bacteria, and eucarya. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 87, 4576–4579.
Yamamoto, K., Oishi, K., Fujimatsu, I., & Komatsu, K. (1991). Production of R-(-)-mandelic acid from mandelonitrile by
Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 8750. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 57(10), 3028–3032.
Yemendhziev, H., Alexieva., Z., Krastanov, A. (2014). Decolorization of synthetic dye reactive blue 4 by mycelial culture
of white-rot fungi trametes versicolor 1. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 23:3,1337–1339. Zimmermann, G. (1986). The “Galleria bait method” for detection of entomopathogenic fungi in soil. J. Appl. Ent. 102,
213–215.
Zou, W. X., & Tan, R. X. (2001). Recent advances on endophyte research [J]. Acta Botanica Sinica, 43:9, 881–892.

Downloads

Published

September 6, 2018

Categories